Check if you’re eligible?
- A person has to have Permanent resident status to apply for Canadian citizenship
- Residency requirement
In order to apply for Canadian citizenship, a permanent resident status is required. Simply having status as a permanent resident is not enough though, you must meet all the conditions required as a permanent resident. This means:
- You cannot be under review for fraud or immigration reasons,
- You cannot be under a removal order,
- You cannot have unfilled permanent residency conditions, such as not meeting the length of residency requirements
Please note, you can apply for citizenship if you have expired PR card and even if it is lost or stolen. As long as you meet conditions set on your PR card.
To apply to be a Canadian citizen successfully, you must clearly demonstrate intent to live in Canada permanently. This is the purpose of the residency requirements individuals are subject to as permanent residents. You must spend a minimum length of time in Canada as a permanent resident to be eligible for Canadian citizenship. As a permanent resident you must have resided in Canada for been physically in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the five years before you apply.
Please note, residency requirements do not apply to individuals who are younger than 18 years of age.
The residency calculation is different for temporary residents and protects persons. If you are a temporary resident or protected person, each day you spent physically in Canada within the last 5 years will count as one half day, with a maximum of 365 days, towards your physical presence.
Temporary resident status includes lawful authorization to enter or remain in Canada as a
- temporary resident permit holder
Filing income tax
You need to file income taxes (if required by the Income Tax Act) for any three taxation years that are fully or partially within the five years before you apply
Submit your application with fee receipt
Application package includes instruction guide and all the form needed to be filled. Every persons situation will decide which application package they will fill.
Choose the application package for your situation:
- Adult (age 18 or older)
- Parent (or guardian) applying for a child (under age 18)
- Minor (under age 18) without a Canadian parent applying alone
- Adult (age 18 or older) who served with the Canadian Armed Forces
- Adoption by a Canadian citizen
- A stateless person born to a Canadian parent
Your fees depend on whether you’re an adult (age 18 and over) or minor (under age 18).
Your fees may include:
- the processing fee
- the right of citizenship fee
If you’re submitting more than one application at the same time, you can pay all the fees together. You have to pay your fees online. Only pay your fees once you’re ready to submit your application. Make sure to include the fee receipt with your application.
NOTE: Citizenship application processing time is 12 months
Take the citizenship test
If you’re eligible and were between 18 and 54 years of age when you signed your application, you’ll be invited to take the citizenship test. We may invite you to take the citizenship test within weeks after we send you the acknowledgment of receipt. The test usually takes place 4 weeks after we send the notice.
After the test, you go to an interview with a citizenship official. The interview is usually on the same day as the test.
If test passed then Oath ceremony invitation or else appear for test again.
Appear for Oath Ceremony
Taking the Oath of Citizenship at a citizenship ceremony is the final step to become a Canadian citizen. The ceremony usually takes place within three months after we make a decision on your application. We’ll send you the invitation approximately 4 weeks before the ceremony
Apply for Canadian Passport
- Complete the application form
- Gather all necessary documents and get your passport photo
- Find a guarantor and two references
- Submit your application and pay your fees